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Wildlife

Mule Deer
Odecoileus hemionus

 Mule Deer Mule Deer


Description

Mule  Deer have large ears that move constantly and independently, from whence they get their name, "Mule or Burro Deer.

Breeding
Mating season for mule Deer reaches its peak in November and December.

Conservation
Life span in the wild is 10 years, but the Mule Deer lived up to 25 in capacity.

Geography-Range
Throughout the entire western United States.

Prairie Dogs
Genus cynomys

 Prairie Dog Prairie Dog


Description

Most Prairie Dogs hibernate during the winter.  They are found only in three Countries in the world.

Vital Stats
Weight: 1.5-3lbs
Length with tail: 3-5"
Sexual Maturity: 1 Year
No. of Young: 3-8, average
Lifespan: 3-5 Years in the wild
Species: 5 in North American

Palo Duro Mouse
Peromysus truei comanche

Palo Duro Mouse

Behavior
Palo Duro Mice are secretive creatures, emerging from burrows underground or crevices in rocks primarily at night. Known to eat mainly the seeds of juniper, mesquite, and prickly.

Habitat
The Palo mouse is found in three countries in the world.  The largest exist in Palo Duro Canyon and Capron Canyon State Parks. It lives on the seep rocky, Canyon walls typically having only a fewer juniper trees and very little grass.  This helps to protect them from predators.

Life Cycle
Females are pregnant throughout the Spring, Summer, and early Fall months. This suggests that Palo Duro mice may be able to breed when weather conditions and food availability are favorable to the survival of young mice.

Burrowing Owl
Athene cunicularia

 Burrowing Owl Burrowing Owl


Status
"Species of special concern" in several states because its numbers are declining.

Habits
The burrowing owl is diurnal-active during the day.  In the burrowing owl family the male is larger.

Behavior
Burrowing owls only spend the summer in Alberta. They Probably migrate to the Southwestern United States or Mexico for winter.  These owls live in burrows in the ground.

Food
Mainly insects, some rodents, toads, small birds, and dead animals.

Physical Appearance
The burrowing owl is only nine inches tall, has  a short tail, and very long legs and weighs about 4 oz.

Geographic Range
The burrowing owl is found in North and South America.  In the U. S. , the owl lives mostly in the west, but several thousand reside in the higher and dryer parts of South and Central Florida.

The Pronghorn
Antilocapra americana

 Pronghorn Pronghorn


Range

Throughout all 4 deserts of the American Southwest, from Saskatchewan, Canada south of Mexico.

Habitat
Grasslands, brushlands, bunch-grass and sagebrush areas of open plains and deserts.

Behavior
The pronghorn inhabits open plains and semi-deserts, living alone or in small bands in summer and forming large herds in winter.  They can survive a temperature range of 180 degrees, from 130 degrees in the deserts to 50 below zero.

Life Cycle
In late summer or early Fall, the male gathers a harem of about 3 or 4 does.  Horns are shed a month after breeding.  They usually breed for the first time when they are 16 to 17 months old.  This usually produce twin fawns in early June after gestation period about 250 days.

Description
The pronghorn has a deer-like body weighs between 90 and 125 pounds, and stands about 31/2 feet at the shoulder.  It has large, protruding eyes and a white or buff 4-inch tail.

References
www.freestockphotos.com

www.tpwd.state.tx.us/nature/wild/mammals/pduromouse.htm

Taylor, Bonnie Highsmith,Perry: A Pronghornwww. wildtexas.com/wildguides

"Mule Deer" The World Book Encyclopedia.  1998 ed.

Photos courtesy Texas Parks and Wildlife Department

Photos courtesy of Web Art at About.com


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