Print this page

Native Americans

Native Americans in Arkansas
The Caddo and Quapaw Tribes

Native American

The two main Native American tribes in Arkansas during the period between c1400 and the 1700’s were the Caddo and the Quapaw.  These tribes have left a legacy for Arkansans from the name of our state to places with Native American names, to our own appreciation and use of Arkansas’s natural resources and immense beauty.

Both the Caddo and the Quapaw languages belong to the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock.  The Caddo language belongs to the Caddoan side and the Quapaw language is linked to the Siouan branch.

The Caddo had village around the area of Texarkana and Fulton, Arkansas, as late as 1701.  They farmed for a living.  The tribes didn’t allow laziness, if you didn’t work you were punished.

Originally called by the Siouan name “O-Gah-Pah”, the Quapaw were the most southern of their tribal language family. Their name reflected the fact that they lived on the western banks of the Mississippi River.  Later, the name O-Gah-Pah became Quapaw.  Then the French and the Algonquin gave them the name “Arkansas” meaning “bow people of the south wind”. The Quapaw originally made their bows from Osage Orange bushes.  The Quapaw, today, seem to prefer their original Siouan name-“O-Gah-Pah”.


 Native American

Native American


Textbook—Arkansas: The World Around Us
MacMillan/McGraw-Hill School Publishing
Company, New York, New York, Copyright 1991

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XII, Copyright 
1911, Robert Appeton Company, Online Editions
Copyright 1999 by Kevin Knight




Previous page: HoneyBees
Next page: Nine-Banded Armadillo

uggs black friday foamposites for sale beats by dre black friday uggs black friday monlcer outlet lebron 11 uggs black friday gamma blue 11s air jordan pas cher Michael Kors Black Friday Moncler Outlet