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Montane

Montane of the Rocky Mountains

Glacier Basin Scenery

Features

The montane life zone is located between the grasslands and the sub-alpine life zones at an elevation of 7500 to 9500 feet.  The climate is cool with an average winter temperature of about 23 degrees F and an average summer temperature of 60 degrees F.  Temperature extremes can reach –30 degrees to more than 100 degrees F.  Precipitation is 20 to 35 inches in snow and rain a year.  Soils are shallow and often over bedrock.

Vegetation

The dominant tresses in this life zone are spruce and fir, including Engelmann spruce, lodge-pole pine, Ponderosa pine, and Douglas fir.  Hardwoods include the quaking aspen and Gambel oak.

 Lodge-Pole Pine Cone
Lodge-Pole Pine Cone

 Engelmann Spruce
Engelmann Spruce

 Quaking Aspen
Quaking Aspen


Animals

The animals found in the montane include deer, elk, bear, big horn sheep and other large mammals such as moose as well as numerous resident birds.  Small mammals include Wyoming ground squirrel, red squirrel and chipmunk.

 Elk
Elk

 Moose
Moose

 Bighorn Sheep
Bighorn Sheep

 

 Least Chipmunk
Least Chipmunk

 Wyoming Ground Squirrel
Wyoming Ground Squirrel

 Red Squirrel
Red Squirrel

 

Work sited:

www.runet.edu

www.cpluhna.nau.edu.htm

www.americanparknetwork.com

National Audubon Society Nature Guide; Western Forests

Photos by Leah Arnold & Retha Mosley


Previous page: Grassland Praries
Next page: Quaking Aspens


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